天天彩票-科学家担心特朗普损害美国科学发展

本文摘要:threats to the future of us science dominated discussion at the first big gathering of researchers since president Donald trump took office。

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threats to the future of us science dominated discussion at the first big gathering of researchers since president Donald trump took office。美国总统特朗普(Donald Trump)卸任后的首次科研人员大会上,美国科学前景面临的威胁沦落为主要议题。

the scientific community at this year ‘ s American association for the advancement of science(AAS)Annual meeting expressed fears about今年的美国科学理事长I ation for the advancement of science)年度会议上,科学界传达了对美国新政府的担忧。他们担心的问题从白宫不愿意接受科学证据到联邦研究支出的部分,预计不会受到太大打击,还有美国科学赖以生存的外来移民的敌意。“this is the first time in my 50-year career that I have seen people speaking up for science per se rather than about particular is such as nucc“I have never seen scientists more concerned about the process of science-and not just about where their gray Oing to come from,”Mr Holt美国科学理事长CEO拉什?霍尔特(Rush Holt)在波士顿举行的此次会议上回答说:“这是50年来第一次看到科学本身倾听,而不是核武器等明确的议题。”(威廉莎士比亚,《北方执行》(Northern Exposure))。

“曾是物理学家和民主党众议员的霍尔特说:‘我从未见过科学家们如此担心科学的发展。在某种程度上,他们的经费来自哪里。”veteran attendees of AAAS conferences said they had never before felt such an atmosphere of anxiety。“all of us in this room know there is a great At to Science and Scientific integrity,Kenneth kimmell,president of the union of concernernet”参加美国科学理事长会议的与会者回答说,过去的会议中没有经常出现这种情绪氛围。

在特朗普时代维护科学和科学完整性的主题会议上,基层倡议组织“union”有很多参与者,题目是“在特朗普时代维护科学和科学的完整性”。“在这个房间里的人都是。”(Defending Science and Scientific integrity in the age of trump)“I have not seen anything like it in my life time”,said Mr kimmell。“the days of carefully nuanced communication are over .we need to pack an emotional punch in speaking for science.“ot pulling his punches and nor shouldwe。

”基梅尔回答说。“我这辈子从没见过这种事。慎重细致交流的时代结束了。我们必须行动,倾听,有力地科学。

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唐纳德?特朗普会归还他的拳头,我们也不能归还。“scientists see a variety of troubling signs . these include the exclusion from meetings in the us of scientists with certain profiles,partice科学家们看到了各种令人担忧的迹象,禁止特定背景的科学家(特别是来自穆斯林国家的人)参加了未会会议,允许联邦科学家与其他研究人员和公众交流,并如霍尔特所说:“根据意识形态主张而不是可验证的证据制定政策。”公共官员引用“替代事实”让科学家们失望。

there are also concerns that Mr trump and the Republican-dominated congress will impose big cuts in science spending,With environmental andinface,President trump has so far said almost nothing directly about science and has not yet appointed a chief scientist or science advisers。nor has he eer Ged with senior scientific bodies such as the us National Academy of Sciences,in contrast to past incoming presidents of both polith这与两党过去新任总统形成了鲜明的对比。This silence is disconcerting,according to Mr Holt。

”our concern is that the government will not have the scientific advice it needs,“he said。”霍尔特回答说:“if there is a crisis,advice from experts will be needed immediately。”他是这样说的。

“我们担心政府会得到必要的科学建议。如果危机再次发生,应立即接受专家的建议。”not every one is worried yet . Eric lander,head of Boston’s broad institute,a leading molecular biology laboratory,told the I am in fold“但是并不是每个人都深感忧虑。

埃里克,波士顿布罗德研究所(Broad Institute)董事?兰德(Eric Lander)对英国《金融时报》回答说:“作为科学家,我更愿意等待证据,对特朗普和科学做出结论。”when one conference participant labelled the us government ” authoritarian ” and ” fascist ” during the AAS meeting,he was REEI want to warn you against overstating the Gainst Trump,“the physicist said。一位参与者在美国科学理事长会议期间,给本届美国政府贴上“权威”和“法西斯”的标签,他得到了牛苹果学者联盟共同创始人库尔特吗?库尔特戈特弗里德的指责。

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这位物理学家回答说:“我想警告大家不要高估赞成特朗普的理由。”戈特弗里德小时候住在奥地利大城市维也纳,当时这座城市处于纳粹(Nazi)的控制之下。scientists are increasingly taking their concerns to the streets in demonstrations,Including one with hundreds of protesters in central bosters更多的科学家通过街头示威表达了他们的担忧,包括上周日在波士顿市中心举行的数百名示威者参与的示威。

示威预计4月22日地球日(Earth Day)将达到高潮,在美国全境和全球城市举行“科学集会”。science mightbe counter productive and turn people against scientists的some researchers are concerned the March,If they appear self-interested“I am not going to March for science,”said James gates,Physics professor at the university of Maryland。“to have science represented as a political force is dangerous,And I don ‘ t understand how the organisers of the March can guard against provit一些研究者担心“科学集会”会产生反效果,赞成科学家——,马里兰大学(University of Maryland)物理学教授詹姆斯?盖茨说:“我将参加‘科学集会’。

用政治力量揭示科学是危险的。我无法想象有这个聚会的组织者如何需要阻止激怒者。

(阿尔伯特爱因斯坦)。”but the organisers say they are determined to prevent the March being portrayed as an anti-trump event。“there are a lot of smart people thith How to make sure the March does not lead to a partisan image for scientists,”said gretchen Goldman组织者回答说,他们决心避免将这个聚会描述为反特朗普的活动。

Grechen,Centre for Science and Democracy研究负责人,Grechen,科学家联盟科学与民主中心(Centre for Science and Democracy)研究负责人?高盛(Gretchen Goldman)回答说:“很多聪明的人认为这个聚会能给科学家留下亲党的印象。”。

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